A periodontist specialises in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gum diseases.

They also perform cosmetic periodontal procedures to help you achieve the smile you desire.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is advanced gum disease that often begins with the build-up of plaque at the gum line. If the plaque isn’t removed by flossing and brushing, it hardens into tartar, making it challenging to remove.

The gums become swollen and irritated, and infection can lead to heart disease, diabetes, and tooth loss.

What should I expect during my visit?

Your periodontist will begin by examining the area in need of treatment. They look for receding or bleeding gums, loose teeth, jaw dysfunction and other signs of periodontal disease. You might need to get an x-ray to check the underlying bone structure and inspect for infection.

Once they have a diagnosis, they will explain your treatment options and answer your questions. Depending on the severity of your gum disease you may be recommended for scaling and root planing, flap surgery or a gingivectomy.

What is scaling and root planing?

Scaling and root planing is the removal of bacteria from within enlarged gum pockets. Your periodontist will measure the size of the pockets to decide whether you need scaling and root planing treatment.

Your periodontist will remove all plaque and tartar deposits from your teeth and roots. Then they will smooth out the surface of the roots to help the gums re-attach to your teeth and prevent a further build-up of bacteria.

What is periodontal flap surgery?

Some patients with serious gum disease benefit from periodontal flap surgery. During this treatment, the periodontist incises the gums to expose the roots of the teeth with deep pockets. The bacteria and debris are cleaned and disinfected so the gums can heal.

The periodontist may add liquid medication to the site to help the ligament and gum tissue regrow before stitching the area closed.

What is a gingivectomy?

A gingivectomy involves removing and reattaching the gum tissue in and around a tooth or teeth to treat gum disease or lengthen the height or the width of a tooth.

A local anaesthetic is used to keep the patient comfortable during the procedure. You can request sedation if you are a nervous patient.

Once the procedure is complete a surgical dressing is placed in and around the teeth and gums. The dressing remains in place for about a week. Rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash can aid the healing process.

You can trust the expertise and compassionate care of the Shawlands Dental Care team. To book your appointment call us on 0141 632 1378.

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