Effective oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups can help to eliminate the bacteria that cause gum disease.
Like many other dental issues, gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque bacteria between the teeth and beneath the gum line.
Patients with gum disease may experience bleeding when they brush or floss, swelling, inflammation, redness, discomfort, and persistent bad breath. Over time, your gums may also begin to separate from your teeth, leaving deep pockets where additional bacteria can build up.
Over time, gingivitis (mild gum disease) progresses to a more severe form called periodontal disease. This advanced type of infection can cause long-lasting damage to the soft tissue of the gums and the bony structures underneath.
Both the gums and jaw provide essential support for the teeth. As these tissues break down, the teeth may become loose or even fall out.
In its early stages, the effects of gum disease can often be reversed with adjustments to your hygiene routine or professional teeth cleaning treatment.
However, if your gums have pulled away from your teeth due to infection, your dental hygienist or dentist may refer you to a periodontist for a scaling and root planing, a professional deep cleaning treatment for the removal of bacteria beneath the gum line.